Incident 328: Fake Accounts Using GAN Faces Deployed by Propaganda Campaign on Social Platforms

Description: A pro-China propaganda campaign deployed fake accounts on Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube using GAN-synthesized faces to share and post comments on its content to gain wider circulation.


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Alleged: unknown developed an AI system deployed by Spamouflage Dragon, which harmed Facebook users , Twitter Users and YouTube users.

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Khoa Lam
Spamouflage Goes to America — Pro-Chinese Inauthentic Network Debuts English-Language Videos · 2020

Social media accounts from the pro-Chinese political spam network Spamouflage Dragon started posting English-language videos that attacked American policy and the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump in June, as the rhetorical conf…

Pro-China Propaganda Act Used Fake Followers Made With AI-Generated Images · 2020

A pro-China propaganda campaign that’s been bashing the US on social media created fake followers with the help of AI-generated images. 

Since June, the campaign has been posting English-language videos critical of the Trump administration …


A "variant" is an incident that shares the same causative factors, produces similar harms, and involves the same intelligent systems as a known AI incident. Rather than index variants as entirely separate incidents, we list variations of incidents under the first similar incident submitted to the database. Unlike other submission types to the incident database, variants are not required to have reporting in evidence external to the Incident Database. Learn more from the research paper.

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