Incident 101: Dutch Families Wrongfully Accused of Tax Fraud Due to Discriminatory Algorithm

Description: A childcare benefits system in the Netherlands falsely accused thousands of families of fraud, in part due to an algorithm that treated having a second nationality as a risk factor.


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Alleged: unknown developed an AI system deployed by Dutch Tax Authority, which harmed Dutch Tax Authority and Dutch families.

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Sean McGregor, Khoa Lam


A "variant" is an incident that shares the same causative factors, produces similar harms, and involves the same intelligent systems as a known AI incident. Rather than index variants as entirely separate incidents, we list variations of incidents under the first similar incident submitted to the database. Unlike other submission types to the incident database, variants are not required to have reporting in evidence external to the Incident Database. Learn more from the research paper.