Incident 54: Predictive Policing Biases of PredPol
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Predictive policing algorithms meant to aid law enforcement by predicting future crime show signs of biased output. PredPol, used by the Oakland (California) Police Department, and the Strategic Subject List, used by Chicago PD, were subjects of studies in 2015 and 2016 showing their bias against "low-income, minority neighborhoods." These neighborhoods would receive added attention from police departments expecting crimes to be more prevalent in the area. Notably, Oakland Police Department used 2010's record of drug crime as their baseline to train the system.
Predictive policing algorithms meant to aid law enforcement by predicting future crime show signs of biased output.
Harm Distribution Basis
Race, National origin or immigrant status, Financial means
Harm to civil liberties
AI System Description
Predictive policing algorithms meant to aid police in predicting future crime.
PredPol, Chicago Police Department
Sector of Deployment
Public administration and defence
Relevant AI functions
Oakland Police Department, Chicago Police Department, PredPol, Human Rights Data Analysis Group, Strategic Subject List
PredPol, Chicago Police Department, Oakland Police Department
Fourth Amendment of the US Constitution
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