Incident 445: Patriot Missile System Misclassified US Navy Aircraft, Killing Pilot Upon Approval to Fire

Description: US Navy's Patriot missile system misidentified an American Navy F/A-18C Hornet as an enemy projectile, prompting an operator to fire two missiles at the aircraft, which killed the pilot.


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Alleged: Raytheon and Lockheed Martin developed an AI system deployed by US Navy, which harmed US Navy , Nathan White's family and Nathan White.

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Khoa Lam


A "variant" is an incident that shares the same causative factors, produces similar harms, and involves the same intelligent systems as a known AI incident. Rather than index variants as entirely separate incidents, we list variations of incidents under the first similar incident submitted to the database. Unlike other submission types to the incident database, variants are not required to have reporting in evidence external to the Incident Database. Learn more from the research paper.

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