Incident 424: Universities' AI Proctoring Tools Allegedly Failed Canada's Legal Threshold for Consent

Description: AI proctoring tools for remote exams were reportedly "not conducive" to individual consent for Canadian students whose biometric data was collected during universities' use of remote proctoring in the COVID pandemic.


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Alleged: Respondus Monitor , ProctorU , ProctorTrack , Proctorio , ProctorExam and Examity developed an AI system deployed by Canadian universities, which harmed Canadian students.

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Khoa Lam


A "variant" is an incident that shares the same causative factors, produces similar harms, and involves the same intelligent systems as a known AI incident. Rather than index variants as entirely separate incidents, we list variations of incidents under the first similar incident submitted to the database. Unlike other submission types to the incident database, variants are not required to have reporting in evidence external to the Incident Database. Learn more from the research paper.