Incident 559: Grant Reviewers Fed Applications into Generative AI to Produce Reports, Allegedly Breaching Confidentiality

Description: Peer reviewers of Australian government grant applications inserted applicants' work into generative AI systems such as ChatGPT to generate assessment reports, which allegedly posed confidentiality and security issues.


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Alleged: OpenAI developed and deployed an AI system, which harmed research grant administrators and research grant applicants.

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Khoa Lam
ChatGPT used in peer reviews of Australian Research Council grant applications · 2023

Academics have alleged that some peer reviews of grant applications are being written with ChatGPT, prompting the Australian Research Council (ARC) to warn academics that feeding their peers’ work into generative AI models could be a breach…

Are Australian Research Council reports being written by ChatGPT? · 2023

The Australian Research Council has faced allegations that some of its peer reviewers may have used ChatGPT to assess research proposals, prompting a warning from the education minister and concerns about possible academic misconduct.



A "variant" is an incident that shares the same causative factors, produces similar harms, and involves the same intelligent systems as a known AI incident. Rather than index variants as entirely separate incidents, we list variations of incidents under the first similar incident submitted to the database. Unlike other submission types to the incident database, variants are not required to have reporting in evidence external to the Incident Database. Learn more from the research paper.