Incident 196: Compromise of National Biometric ID Card System Leads to Reverification and Change of Status

Description: When the leader of the Afghan Taliban was found possessing a valid ID card in the Pakistani national biometric identification database system, Pakistan launch a national re-verification campaign that is linked to numerous changes in recognition status and loss of services.


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Alleged: Pakistan National Database and Registration Authority developed and deployed an AI system, which harmed Pakistani citizens.

Incident Stats

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Sean McGregor
Technology in the Service of Development: The NADRA Story · 2014

Foreword: Pakistan is a leader in the application of identification systems and technology to a range of development issues. The National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) of Pakistan has become a central player in a number of pro…

IHC accepts petition challenging jurisdiction of NADRA to impound CNIC of girl · 2021

ISLAMABAD - The Islamabad High Court (IHC) Friday accepted a petition challenging the jurisdiction of the National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) to impound CNIC of a girl by purportedly adjudicating upon the question of her pa…

IHC imposes 0.5m fine on Nadra for blocking woman’s CNIC · 2021

ISLAMABAD: The Islamabad High Court (IHC) on Saturday has imposed Rs0.5 million as fine on the National Database and Registration Authority (Nadra) for blocking the CNIC of a woman over a paternity dispute.

The court, in its order, states t…

Nadra has no power to adjudicate upon paternity: IHC · 2021

ISLAMABAD: The Islamabad High Court (IHC) has declared that the National Database and Registration Authority (Nadra) is not vested with the power and jurisdiction to, directly or indirectly, adjudicate upon or interfere with intricate conte…

Pakistan’s biometric ID scheme is stripping citizenship from thousands of people · 2021

Balochistan, Pakistan. Akhtar Mansour, head of the Afghan Taliban, finished his lunch at a roadside cafe, and was en route to the provincial capital of Quetta when his white Toyota Corolla was reduced to a smoldering mass of twisted metal b…


A "variant" is an incident that shares the same causative factors, produces similar harms, and involves the same intelligent systems as a known AI incident. Rather than index variants as entirely separate incidents, we list variations of incidents under the first similar incident submitted to the database. Unlike other submission types to the incident database, variants are not required to have reporting in evidence external to the Incident Database. Learn more from the research paper.